Tension headaches are one of the most common types of primary headaches. The mechanism of this headache has not been fully elucidated, it is considered to be multifactorial.
Excessive tension, stress and fatigue are the main causes of tension headaches. They are contributed not only by emotional, but also physical factors – fatigue, incorrect posture, prolonged sitting at the computer. They may be due to muscle tension in the head.
Headaches are pressing, dull, mild to moderate in intensity, usually bilateral. Patients sometimes describe headaches as a "pressing hoop around their head." The duration can range from 30 minutes to even 7 days.
Tension headaches can be rare episodic, frequent episodic or chronic, depending on the frequency. Chronic tension headaches are headaches that continue for more than 15 days a month for a period of at least 3 months.
Non-medical therapy has an important role in treatment of tension headaches – regular physical activity, physiotherapy, various relaxation exercises, psychotherapy, especially cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). In case of chronic tension-type headaches, your doctor may recommend a course of preventive medication.